Acne in Teenager – What can be done to manage and prevent it?

Pimples and puberty are closely related to each other. It is estimated that approximately 90% of teenagers irrespective of ethnicity may possibly encounter acne while in their puberty ages. Acne is described as a skin condition where there exist various types of bumps such as whiteheads, blackheads, cysts and pimples.

What triggers the formation of acne?

The primary reason of acne formation amongst teenager is due to hormones. During the period of puberty, teenager’s body will start to excrete androgens hormones. These androgens are usually in high concentration at locations such as near the chest, upper back, shoulders, neck and goes up to the face.

Excessive amounts of these hormones trigger the skin’s sebaceous glands to become more hyperactive than normal. The excessive sebum excreted by hyperactive glands, clumped together with dead skin cells cause the pores to get clogged. Oil and bacteria trapped inside the pore eventually cause inflammation to the pore. This inflammation is what we see as the bump on our face.

When inflammation happens, our body system will try to fix the problem by signalling white blood cells (leukocytes) to act against the bacteria, by depositing them into the affected areas. As a result, whiteheads are formed.

Apart from hormone imbalance, factors such as food allergies, improper diet, improper skin care routine and genetics also can trigger acne.

Acne Misconceptions

There are several folk tales that we often heard of regarding things that make up acne – such as eating chocolate causing people to become acne prone. This is a disaster for choc-lovers out there (me included)! However, some people do experience severe breakouts after over consuming certain types of food. If you are experiencing this, it would be a good idea to limit your food intake to observe any result.

There are some other fallacy that often be taken seriously by people out there. Have you ever heard of “tanning can help against acne” myths? It’s ridiculous! Although after you tan, your acne looks less severe, the effect is only temporary. More worse if you have skin that produce more oil when hot. Your acne will be more severe than before.

What should teenagers do?

Don’t worry if you are experiencing acne. You still can manage it and make your skin flawless again. All you have to do is follow these simple rules:

  • Never, ever pick your pimples! We do this often. When we looked at the mirror and noticed a pimple, we had the urge to touch, squeeze or pick it. However, this is a bad practice. When you do this, the inflammation will be more severe. Worst, you’ll make your pores bigger (and it is permanent!).
  • Maintain proper skin care routine. This can prevent breakouts and ensure healthy, glowing skin. Don’t use products that irritate/dehydrate the skin as it will stimulate the sebaceous glands to release more oil. Remember, more oil/sebum produced, more pimples you’ll have.
  • Remove any makeup before going to bed. Make it as a routine to remove any make up before bed time. This is to prevent clogged pores.
  • Only use the proper make up. As a teenager, I suggest not to use any make up. However, if you are using concealer to cover blemishes, ensure that it contains Salicylic Acid that acts as disinfectant. Salicylic Acid Gel Peel by Perfect Image works great in this case.
  • Wash your pillow/bed often. This is to minimize the risk of accumulation of bacteria and germs on it.
  • Try using some natural oil like Tea Tree, Argan, Jojoba and Pomegranate as a moisturizer. They work like a charm!
  • Don’t be harsh on your skin. After cleansing, gently pat dry with clean towel. DON’T RUB!

War against acne

Sometimes, although you have kept everything clean and followed the prevention tips, the acne still formed on the skin. It’s annoying, isn’t it? Actually, there is no guarantee against it. Teenage girls may discover acne breakouts a few days before their menstruation start. This is known as pre-menstrual acne, due to hormones imbalance. More than 70% of women experience this problem.

If you or your teenage daughter experiences this, reassure that you are not the only girls who experience this. Talk to your close friends and family about this problem. At least, you are not keeping it in your heart. At this stage, don’t be stress as it may cause more harm. Stress can makes the hormones become more imbalances.

The other option would be to consult dermatologist as they might offer better treatment with prescription medicines. Consuming antibiotics to kill the acne-causing bacteria, applying some lotion to prevent pimples or reduce the inflammation or having a minor surgery are the alternatives that might be prescribe by the doctor. However, it all depends on how bad the acne is.

If you are experiencing this acne problem, chill out. It’s not the end of the world. Just follow the tips, use the best, top rated skin care products and live your life to the fullest!


  1. Farewell to Acne – My Positive Parenting
  2. Acne, Blackheads & Whiteheads –


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